Cern scientists working at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have said that they may have discovered a new particle that appears to defy the laws of physics.
Scientists say they may have found a fifth fundamental force in nature that is six times heavier than the Higgs boson particle.
According to researchers, further testing is required which is why more ‘collisions’ will commence next month in order to obtain new data. Scientists believe they will have either the ultimate confirmation or refutation of its existence by summer of 2016.
Scientists believe this is the first indirect hint, that there are particles heavier than the Higgs Boson, particles which are unknown and unexplained by current models. This is why confirming its existence might lead towards the discovery of even more particles and even possibly a FIFTH fundamental force, which if discovered, could change everything we know about Physics.
Professor John Ellis, theoretical physicist at Kings College London told the Mail Online in an interview: ‘it would be something completely beyond the Standard Model, and the tip of an iceberg of a large new set of particles if it exists.’
Two of the detectors, ATLAS and CMS, were used to look for new physics and did so by counting ‘particle decays’ that ended up in TWO photons
Researchers believe that this is a good way to push the limits of physics beyond the known because photons are easy to detect and scientists know exactly what to expect in terms of results of background events.
According to reports by the daily mail: ‘They both separately saw photons with a combined energy of 750 GeV.’
‘It weighs about 750 GeV, corresponding to about six times heavier than the Higgs boson, and almost 800 times heavier than the proton,’ said Professor Ellis.
It was a similar ‘bump’ that gave the first hints to the Higgs boson.
However, there is a difference between the Higgs Boson particle and the ‘new’ one. The existence of the Higgs boson particle was in fact predicted by standard models, but the new particle, if it exists, has not been predicted by the standard model which basically means it opens up a new and unexplored world for physicist to explore and could lead them towards the discovery of a set of previously unknown and unexplored particles, which in turn could change everything we know about physics.
Standard models propose that everything in the known universe is in fact made from the most basic building blocks, which scientists call ‘fundamental particles’. These fundamental particles are in turn governed by four main forces: gravity, electromagnetic, weak nuclear and strong nuclear.
Now, we will have to wait until next month for the new collision to occur at the LHC when we should have new data whether or not there is a FIFTH fundamental force.